Portrait of Wanda Fürstin von und zu Putbus (1837-1867) @ Sotheby’s

February 22, 2015 § 3 Comments

658 58 Putbus Copy II

Portrait of Wanda Fürstin von und zu Putbus (1837-1867) @ Sotheby’s

The second portrait consigned to Sotheby’s represents daughter-in-law of Clothilde Gräfin von Wylich und Lottum, whose portrait was discussed in the previous post.

It represents Wanda-Marie von Veltheim-Bartensleben, Fürstin v.u.z. Putbus (1837-67) [1858, Paris; oil on canvas, 100 x 81.5 cm, cat. no. 658], who was the eldest of two daughters, and the eldest of the three children, of Georg Albrecht Karl Freiherr von Veltheim-Bartensleben (1812-74) and his first wife, Asta-Luise Gräfin zu Putbus (1812-1850). In July 1857, shortly before her twentieth birthday, she married Wilhelm-Malthus, Graf von Wylich und Lottum (1833-1907), her first cousin, second son of her maternal aunt and future mother-in-law, Clothilde Gräfin von Wylich und Lottum (1809-94). The couple had five daughters, the three eldest of whom would inherit their father’s sovereign titles in succession. She was a regular fixture at social entertainments in Berlin, an expert huntress, and a hostess par excellence, entertaining a number of notable guests, including Otto von Bismark, at the family’s castle on the island of Rügen. The Princess died of puerperal fever sixteen days after giving birth to her youngest daughter, Wanda-Augusta, on 18 December 1867, aged 30 years and six months. Her sudden death was deeply lamented by her close friend, Queen Victoria eldest daughter, Victoria, Crown Princess of Prussia (later Empress of Germany).

The Princess is shown standing, at three-quarter-length, in half-turn to the left, and facing the viewer. Her hair is parted in the middle, brushed back and arranged in chignon and neck-length curls. She is wearing a black silk or satin travelling dress with white lace collar and a large black and red bow at the front; with black ruches, lace and other details on the sleeves and bodice. A large wrap is thrown around arms; light-brown leather gloves are worn. Her jewellery comprises of gold and jet earrings and a small (watch?) chain at her waist. The princess is shown against a bright red background, presumably the artist’s studio curtain.

The portrait was most likely commissioned to commemorate the sitter’s wedding in 1857 to Wilhelm-Malthus, Fürst v.u.z. Putbus (1833-1907). As Winterhalter was at the height of his career at the time, with the waiting list of up to two years, it is quite possible that the young bride may have waited for more than six months to have her portrait painted. The choice of a travelling / day dress is unusual in Winterhalter’s oeuvre. The large black wrap suggests that the portrait may have been painted either in winter or early spring of 1858 when the Princess was six to seven months pregnant.  The strict and voluminous garments may have been chosen for the portrait to partially disguise her pregnancy.

Incidentally, the Princess was also painted by Richard Lauchert (oil on canvas, signed and dated as painted in 1863, Jagdschloss Granitz). Richard Lauchert was a pupil of F.X. Winterhalter, and also a cousin by marriage to Victoria, Crown Princess of Prussia, who commissioned a number of portraits from Lauchert and also recommended him to her mother, Queen Victoria. Wanda was a personal friend of the Crown Princess, and it is quite likely that the latter may have recommended Lauchert for the later portrait commission.

The portrait will be offered at Sotheby’s London, Of Royal and Noble Descent, 24 Feb 2015, lot 174 (est. £25,000-35,000). See http://www.sothebys.com/

I would like to thank Sotheby’s for acknowledging my assistance with cataloguing this work.

© Eugene Barilo von Reisberg, 2015.

Portrait of Clothilde Gräfin von Wylich und Lottum (1809-1894) @ Sotheby’s

February 21, 2015 § 3 Comments

513a 54 Putbus - Copy

Portrait of Clothilde Gräfin von Wylich und Lottum (1809-1894) @ Sotheby’s

Two important portraits have been consigned to Sotheby’s from a private collection.

The first one depicts Clothilde Gräfin von Wylich und Lottum (1809-1894 née Gräfin und Herrin von und zu Putbus) [1854, Paris; oil on canvas, 82 x 63 cm; cat no 513a]. She was the eldest of five daughters and second of six children of Wilhelm-Malthus Reichsgraf zu Putbus (1783-1854) by his wife, Luise von Lauterbach (1784-1860). In 1828, at the age of 19, she married Hermann Frederick, Graf von Wylich und Lottum (1796-1847), who was thirteen years her senior. He was a chamberlain at the Prussian court and the minister at Naples for a number of years. The couple had three children, two sons and a daughter, the youngest of whom, Wilhelm-Mathus, inherited his maternal grandfather’s estates and titles as a sovereign prince of Putbus, an extensive appanage within the Pomeranian region of present-day Germany.

The countess is depicted at half-length, against a neutral olive-green background, in half-turn to the left, and facing the viewer. The hair is parted in the middle and arranged on both sides in neck-length curls. She is wearing a black dress with plunging neckline edged with two deep valances of white lace, black silk ruches, and further detailing on the bust and sleeves. A brown fur stole is thrown around her arms.

The black dress of the countess reflects her status as widow (her husband died in 1847), but also as a sign of mourning for her father, Wilhelm Malthus, 1st Fürst v.u.z. Putbus who died in September 1854. The portrait, therefore, was quite likely to have been commissioned to commemorate her succession to her father’s sovereign titles, and would have been painted in the late autumn or early winter of 1854, which also explains the reason why the countess poses wrapped in furs.

The portrait has become the official representation of the sovereign countess, having been lithographed by Gustav Heinrich Gottlob Feckert (1820-1899), and copied at least once.

The portrait will be offered at Sotheby’s London, Of Royal and Noble Descent, 24 Feb 2015, lot 173 (est. £20,000-30,000). See http://www.sothebys.com/

I would like to thank Sotheby’s for acknowledging my assistance with cataloguing this work.

© Eugene Barilo von Reisberg, 2015.

Portrait of Luise Gräfin von Langenstein und Gondelsheim (1826-1900), 1834 (cat. no. 98a) [Part 5]

January 17, 2014 § Leave a comment

Luise Langenstein 1834 Winterhalter

Portrait of Luise Gräfin von Langenstein und Gondelsheim (1826-1900), 1834 (cat. no. 98a) [Part 5]

[Continued from Part 4]

As it has become customary with my blog entries, here is an abbreviated list of the sitter’s descendants, limited to the first three generations:

1.     Vilhelm Ludwig Carl Graf Douglas (1849-1908), m.1899 Valerie Lesca Weiss (1867-1927)

2.     Ludwig Vilhelm August Graf Douglas (1849-1916), m. 1876 Countess Anna Louise Dorothea Ehrensvard (1855-1930)

2.1.     Anna Louise Dorothee Gräfin Douglas (1878-1964), m.1901 Axel Theodor Baron Adelsward (1860-1929)

2.1.1.     Baroness Louise Adelsward (1902-1989), m.1st 1923 Baron Gustaf Gabriel Falkenberg af Trystrorp (1893-1947), m.2nd 1948 Birger Lundqvist (1888-19xx), having had issue (descendants: Beck-Friis, Falkenberg, von Rosen, Stenbock)

2.1.2.     Baroness Carin Adelsward (1903-1987), m.1934 Gerhard Rundberg (1903-78)

2.1.3.     Baron Erik Goran Adelsward (1905-1905)

2.1.4.     Baroness Anna Adelsward (1906-93), m.1st 1927 (div.1946) Count Clas Eric Sparre af Sofdeborg (1898-1948), m.2nd 1949 Arne Moe-Larsen (1889-19xx), having had issue (descendants: Klingspor, Reuterskiöld, Rosenorn-Lehn)

2.1.5.     Baroness Eva Helena Adelswärd (1908-1993), m.1931 Anders Grill (1896-19xx)

2.1.6.     Eric-Göran, Baron Adelswärd (1909-1986), m.1st 1935 (div 1963) Baroness Ebba Friis-Beck (1911-1986), m.2nd 1964 Ulla Holm (1918-1986), having had issue (descendants include: Adelswärd, Ankarcrona)

2.1.7.     Baron Gosta Adelsward (1913-1997), m.1948 Gunhild Wigner (1917-), having had issue (descendants: Adelswärd)

2.2.       Carl Robert, Graf Douglas (Villa Douglas 24.04.1880-Schloß Langenstein 26.08.1955), m.1st Ordrup 11.08.1906 (div.1938) Sofia de Fine Blauuw (Christiania 9.01.1886-Konstanz 20.08.1971); m.2nd 1939 HRH Augusta Viktoria Prinzessin von Hohenzollern (1890-1966)

2.2.1.     Ludwig Wilhelm Karl Graf Douglas (Langenstein 18.5.1907- Konstanz 6.6.1987), m.1st Vorra 25.05.1937 Ursula Emilie Sophie Antonie Caroline Freiin v. Ellrichshausen (Stuttgart 12.3.1913-Langenstein 8.4.1972), m.2nd 1974 Margit Bortfel (1919-), having had issue (descendants:  Douglas, von Malaise, Milne, Stanley, von Stolberg-Wernigerode)

2.2.2.     Ludwig Graf Douglas (1909-79), m.1st 1936 Anne-Marie Staehlin (1912-41), m.2nd Edith Straehl (1915-1999), having had issue (descendants include: von Blanckestein, Douglas, zu Waldburg-Zeil-Hohenems)

2.2.3.     Robert Graf Douglas (1914-83), m.1949 Mielikki Taiovarra (1921-85), having had issue (descendants: Douglas)

2.2.4.     Marie-Louise Gräfin Douglas (1921-), m.1st 1944 (div.1962) Dennis Graf von Bieberstein-Krasicki von Siecin (1901-77), m.2nd 1962 Zygmunt von Michalow Michalowski (1918-), having had issue (descendants: von Michalow Michalowski)

2.3.       Albert Archibald Graf Douglas (4.06.1882-20.07.1882)

2.4.       Vilhelm Archibald Graf Douglas (1883-1960), m.1907 Astri Henschen (1883-1976)

2.4.1.     Carl Graf Douglas (1908-61), m.1935 Ottora Haas-Heye (1910-2001), having had issue (descendants include: von Bayern, Douglas, von und zu Liechtenstein, Spencer-Churchill (Dukes of Marlborough), Terberger, von Württemberg)

2.4.2.     Archibald Graf Douglas (1910-92), m. 1945 Freiin Margaret Lagerfelt (1924-), having had issue (descendants:  Douglas)

2.4.3.     Gustaf Graf Douglas (1917-34)

2.5.       Hedvig Ingeborg Gräfin Madeleine Douglas (1886-1983), m.1st 1906 (div.1931) Charles Louis, Comte Fouché, Duc d’Otrante (1877-1950); m.2nd 1931 Ivar Tengbom (1878-1968)

2.5.1.     Thérèse Fouché d’Otrante (1907-2000), m.1st 1929 (div.1935) Hans Bennich (1895-1950), m.2nd 1937 Eugène Frieherr von Stedingk (1896-1947), having had issue (descendants: Bennich, Murray, von Stedingk)

2.5.2.     Margareta Fouché d’Otrante (1909-2005), m.1934 HSH Gustav-Albrecht, Fürst zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (1907-disappeared in Russia, 1944; declared dead 1969), having had issue (descendants include: Brachetti-Peretti, von Dewitz, Galdo, von Hessen, von Hochberg, Konigs, zur Lippe, von Pezold, von Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth, von Saurma von und zu Elst, zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg, Schmucker, zu Solms-Laubach)

2.5.3.     Charles, Comte Fouché, Duc d’Otrante (1912-95), m.1967 Christina Grafin von Rosen (1939-), having had issue (descendants: Fouché d’Otrante)

2.5.4.     Comte Louis Fouché d’Otrante (1917-), m.1944 Birgitta Tham (1915-), having had issue (descendants: Fouché d’Otrante, Dyhlén, Liljenqvist, zu Solms-Hohensolms-Lich)

2.6.       Carl Sholto Graf Douglas (1888-1946), m.1919 Maria Mathilde Hedvig von Schlichsting (1895-1971)

2.6.1.     Christina Gräfin Douglas (1923-68), m.1945 Sten, Baron Banér (1920-), having had issue (descendants: Banér)

2.6.2.     Countess Madeleine Douglas (1927-), m.1949 Hans, Baron Ramel (1925-), having had issue (descendants: Anderson, Ramel)

2.7.       Maria Ellen Gräfin Douglas (1892-1987), m.1927 (div.1937) Martin Mansson (1880-1952)

2.8.       Oskar Vilhelm Graf Douglas (1896-1991), m.1926 Skarstedt (1901-93)

2.8.1.     Jakob Graf Douglas (1927-), m.1950 Hedvig Thielers (1930-), having had issue (descendants: Douglas)

2.8.2.     Gustaf Otto Graf Douglas (1930-), m.1st 1956 (div.1979) Marianne Bäckström (1931-), m.2nd 1980 Eva-Britta Bibring (1946-), having had issue (descendants: Douglas)

2.8.3.     Anna Gräfin Douglas (1936-), m.1960 Lars Christofferson (1935-), having had issue (descendants: Christofferson, von Oheimb)

2.8.4.     Maria Gräfin Douglas (1941-), m.1967 Freiherr Eugen von Redwitz (1939-), having had issue (descendants: von Redwitz, Reuttner von Weyl-Mynett)

3.    Madeleine Sofia Henrietta Gräfin Douglas (1852-99), m.1888 Hans Mikael Gottlib Herman Malio Freiherr von Meyern-Hohenberg (1860-1912) – s.p.

4.    Catharina Carolina Lovisa Gräfin Douglas (1854-93), m. 1874 Heinrich Christian, Freiherr Gayling von Altheim (1847-1940)

4.1.       Carl Heinrich Freiherr Gayling von Altheim (1875-1931), m.1st 1911 (div 1921) Ada Suermondt (1885-1966); m.2nd 1922 Elisabeth Belzer (1895-1984)

4.1.1.     Olga Freiin Gayling von Altheim (1912-87), m.1941 (div.1976) Otto Westphal (1913-2004), having had issue (descendants: von Gayling-Westphal)

4.1.2.     Elisabeth Freiin Gayling von Altheim (1879-1961), m.1906 Rudolph von und zur Mühlen (1875-1914)

5.     Maria Augusta Lovisa Gräfin Douglas (1854-1923), m. 1903 Carl August Philip Graf von der Goltz (1848-1905)

6.    Frederick Gustaf Archibald Graf Douglas (1859-1921)

© Eugene Barilo von Reisberg, 2014

Portrait of Luise Gräfin von Langenstein und Gondelsheim (1826-1900), 1834 (cat. no. 98a) [Part 4]

January 16, 2014 § Leave a comment

Luise Langenstein 1834 Winterhalter

Portrait of Luise Gräfin von Langenstein und Gondelsheim (1826-1900), 1834 (cat. no. 98a) [Part 4]

[Continued from Part 3]

As it has become customary with my blog entries, here is an abbreviated ancestry of the sitter, limited to the first three generations:

  1. Louise Gräfin von Langenstein und Gondelsheim (Karlsruhe 3.03.1826 – Neuchatel 1.01.1900)
  2. HRH Ludwig I Wilhelm August, Grand Duke of Baden (Karlsruhe 9.02.1763-Karlsruhe 30.03.1830)
  3. Fräulein Katherina Werner, cr Gräfin von Langenstein und Gondelsheim (Karlsruhe 19.10.1799-Zürich 14.08.1850)
  4. HRH Karl Friedrich von Baden-Durlach, cr Grand Duke of Baden 1806 (Karlsruhe 22.11.1728-Karlsruhe 10.06.1811), m.1st Darlmstadt 28.01.1751
  5. HSH Karoline-Luise Landgräfin von Hessen-Darmstadt (Darmstadt 11.07.1723-Paris 8.04.1783)
  6. Herr Martin Werner (c.1754-1814)
  7. Fräulein Catharina Baumann (?-?)
  8. HSH Friedrich, Erbgraf von Baden-Durlach (Stuttgart 7.10.1703-Karlsruhe 26.03.1732), m.Leeuwarden 3.07.1727
  9. HSH Anna Charlotte Amalie Prinzessin von Nassau-Dietz-Orange (Leeuwarden 13.10.1710-Durlach 17.09.1777)
  10. HSH Ludwig VIII Landgraf von Hessen-Darmstadt (Darmstadt 5.04.1694-Darmstadt 17.10.1768), m.Philippsruhe 5.04.1717
  11. Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna Gräfin von Hanau-Lichtenberg (Buchsweiler 2.05.1700-Darmstadt 1.07.1726)
  12. N*** Werner (?-?), m.
  13. N*** (?-?)
  14. N*** Baumann (?-?), m.
  15. N*** (?-?)

To be continued… [see Part 5]

© Eugene Barilo von Reisberg, 2014

Portrait of Luise Gräfin von Langenstein und Gondelsheim (1826-1900), 1834 (cat. no. 98a) [Part 3]

January 15, 2014 § Leave a comment

Luise Langenstein 1834 Winterhalter

Portrait of Luise Gräfin von Langenstein und Gondelsheim (1826-1900), 1834 (cat. no. 98a) [Part 3]

[Continued from Part 2]

The identity of the sitter in the portrait is as remarkable as the drawing itself. Luise was a daughter of Fräulein Katharina Werner (1799-1850), a rising teenage star of the Grand Ducal Court Theatre in Karlsruhe, who at the age of sixteen, attracted the eye of Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Baden (1763-1830). Despite the 53 year difference between the two, Katharina became the Grand Duke’s mistress. Three children were born to the Grand Duke and Fräulein Werner. Although it has not been established whether any kind of a marriage ceremony took place, Ludwig I officially recognised their children. Wishing to secure their future, he established a family trust, and acquired a number of income-yielding farming and rental landholdings and properties across southern Germany. In 1827 he ennobled Katharina and her children, raising them to the comital status, and deriving their new surname from imposing castles on two of their properties, Langenstein and Gondelsheim.

The couple’s eldest daughter, also called Luise, died in 1821 before the age of three. Their only son, Ludwig Graf von Langenstein und Gondelsheim (1820-72), never married, and upon his death Luise became the sole heiress of the family fortunes. In 1848 she married Karl Graf Douglas (1824-98), a scion of the prominent Scottish-Swedish dynasty. Six children were born to the couple, who during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries occupied prominent positions in European political, military, diplomatic, and social circles. Apart from the present members of the Douglas family, Luise’s descendants today include the heads of the Bavarian, Fouche d’Otrante, Hesse, Marlborough, Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berlerburg, Solms-Hohensolms-Lich, and Solms-Laubach dynasties.

To be continued… [see Part 4]

© Eugene Barilo von Reisberg, 2014

 

Portrait of Luise Gräfin von Langenstein und Gondelsheim (1826-1900), 1834 (cat. no. 98a) [Part 1]

January 13, 2014 § Leave a comment

Luise Langenstein 1834 Winterhalter

Portrait of Luise Gräfin von Langenstein und Gondelsheim (1826-1900), 1834 (cat. no. 98a) [Part 1]

The previous posts reminded me of another charming portrait of a child by Franz Xaver Winterhalter:  Portrait of Luise Gräfin von Langenstein und Gondelsheim (1826-1900) (1834, pencil on paper, 13.8 x 12.1 cm), which appeared at Kaupp’s Herbstauktionen, in Salzburg, on 5 October 2013, lot 4542. The portrait shows a young girl, seated at half-length, in profile to the left, but turning her head sharply towards the viewer. The drawing is remarkable for its spirit and energy. It is filled with the restless movement, relating to us the challenges faced by every artist engaged upon a child’s portrait.

The sketch is quite remarkable as a revelation of Winterhalter’s working techniques and artistic abilities. The face of the child if fully realised, making this living, breathing individual almost jump forth from the surface of the drawing, while her hands, details of the dress, and a chair on which the girl is sitting are only hinted at in rapid outlines. The juxtaposition between the finished head of the girl and the abstract rendition of other details within the drawing clearly shows what a truly gifted artist is capable of achieving on a flat, two-dimensional piece of paper.

The drawing also shows the strong academic acumen of the artist, who bases the composition of the work on two prominent intersecting diagonals, one of which crosses through the curls on the girl’s forehead, passes below her ears, along the back of her blouse and skirt. The opposing diagonal can be also perceived descending along the right-hand-side of the sitter’s face, the hands, and the folds of the fabric below. By shifting the geometrical pivot of the composition just ever though slightly to the left, the artist attains a greater sensation of movement within the rapidly-sketched work.

To be continued… [see Part 2]

© Eugene Barilo von Reisberg, 2014

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